Category Archives: News

Tropical Rainforests – 4 Ways to Stop Deforestation

This entry was posted in News on by .

It’s hard to imagine that we would knowingly destroy something so valuable; could it be that we are destroying them before we realize their worth? Before we truly understand their biodiversity? And even before we fully understand the life and the ecosystems they support?

Massive deforestation brings with it many horrifying consequences – air and water pollution, soil erosion, the release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, the eviction and decimation of indigenous Indian tribes, and the extinction of many plants, animals and creatures. Fewer rainforests mean less rain, less oxygen for us to breathe, and an increased threat of global warming.

Confucius said, “A man who has committed a mistake and doesn’t correct it, is committing another mistake.” Clearly deforestation is man’s mistake. So how do we correct this mistake? Can we correct this mistake?

If deforestation ceased today, it would help immensely, but unfortunately would not be enough. We have lost complete species, both in plant and animal life; however, all is not lost. What we can hope for in bringing deforestation to an end is a new beginning; new species to evolving and the rebirth of this diminishing treasure.

With the rapid loss of Earth’s rainforests, it’s time to correct our mistake. There is no simple solution or quick fix, but there are definitely steps that can be taken to stop the deforestation and restore not only the damaged ecosystems, but the beauty of life that’s been lost.

Four Invaluable Steps to Saving Our Rainforests:

Step #1: Education

In the last 20 years, deforestation has claimed millions of square miles of tropical rainforests, and to protect their future we need to develop sound educational initiatives. Education programs and curricula for each grade level is vital as children of today are our future. Encouraging good global citizenship in school aged children will help them develop a deeper understanding of conservation challenges, as well as a healthy respect for the environment. Education cannot, however, stop with school-aged kids; adults need the same education about deforestation and preventative measures.

Educational resources are now becoming widely available to educators. For example, Paradise Earth Scholastic is Paradise Earth’s academic service and the Internet’s premier source for rainforest education, replete with educational curricula for first and secondary education, multimedia educational features, and resources for research and teaching.

Step #2: Conservation Policies

Saving tropical rainforests is a worldwide responsibility, not just the responsibility of the country the forests are home to. Stronger policies prohibiting deforestation need to be written and enforced; our responsibility lies quite a bit deeper. If the international community wants to provide a higher level of protection of these forests, financial resources have to be a major part of the conservation strategy.

Historically, world governments have been willing to grant loans to tropical nations, and in some cases even cancel debts owed by them in exchange for environmental protection. For example, the British government recently assigned $150 million to preservation and sustainable development of tropical forests around the globe. Germany cleared Kenya of its $400 million debt when Kenya agreed to pass environmental legislation.

In 2001, President Clinton proposed $150 million in funds to assist developing countries preserve their tropical forests while strengthening their economies. Under the budget, $100 million would go towards conservation programs (through the U.S. Agency for International Development-USAID), while $37 million would be slated for debt-for-nature swaps under the Tropical Forest Conservation Act.

In addition to financial support, developed nations can also provide their conservation expertise to developing countries and assist in the planning of new protected areas.

Step #3: Restore & Re-grow

Though fully restoring our lost rainforests seems impossible, a myriad of studies and rebirth projects have been conducted worldwide.

In September 2008 the announcement came that the first Kihansi spray toadlet was born at the Wildlife Conservation Society’s Bronx Zoo. This little creature was last seen in the wild May of 2005. The birth of the Kihansi toadlet has renewed hopes that the species can someday be successfully reintroduced to its natural habitat in a remote gorge in Tanzania.

In other news, researchers from the Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Sciences (BTI) on the Cornell campus are attempting what many thought was impossible — restoring a tropical rain forest ecosystem. Ten years after the tree plantings, Cornell graduate student Jackeline Salazar counted the species of plants that took up residence in the shade of the new-planted areas. She found remarkably high numbers of species — more than 100 in each plot. And many of the new arrivals were also to be found in nearby remnants of the original forests.

It may take hundreds of years to regain what has been lost, but every year we see evidence that the “impossible” is actually quite possible.

Step #4: Support Ecotourism

According to United Nations World Tourism Organizatio, sustainable tourism is envisaged as leading to management of all resources in such a way that economic, social and aesthetic needs can be fulfilled while maintaining cultural integrity, essential ecological processes, biological diversity and life support systems.

Responsible ecotourism includes programs that minimize the negative aspects of conventional tourism on the environment while enhancing the cultural integrity of local people and their economy. From 1993 to 2003 alone, tourism to 23 countries harboring biodiversity hotspots grew by 100 percent.

At first glance, it seems that ecotourism was designed for the traveler, but its intent is much greater. Ecotourism creates jobs in food and beverage service, hotel and resort industry, transportation, and many other industries. Because Ecotourism relies on healthy ecosystems, it provides a powerful incentive to protect our rainforests. People who earn their living from ecotourism are more likely to protect local natural resources and support conservation efforts.

Correcting the “mistake” of deforestation could still be probable; but not without an overdose of human effort to finally bring an end to the demise of tropical rainforests. No matter how unreachable this goal may seem, our mistake still has a chance of being corrected.


>

The Fact is That Everyone is in Sales Whether They Realize It or Not

This entry was posted in News on by .

The big secret is that everyone is a sales person. You just need to bring it out in them. Everyone is passionate about something, and for every human passion there is a market for it. If you really like cars, people buy cars. If you like the latest phones and gadgets, people buy tons of the stuff every year. Think of a product or service you know a lot about and feel great about. That is all it takes to be in sales whether it be as a sales person, consultative selling professional or any other type of sales. Every day we are selling something whether we are aware of it or not.

You are selling yourself as a certain type of person when you go out in public. Do you dress classy, tough, new age, modest, flamboyant or in another manner? You are selling a perception of yourself to the public with how you look when you go out in public. It must be something you believe in, otherwise you would not do it. We sell products all the time for companies now too. However, the problem is that we are doing it for free. Continue reading

Inspirational Quotes for the Disheartened Soul

This entry was posted in News on by .

You sometimes hurdle times where in you feel extremely down that you just want someone to throw you some inspirational quotes. Here are some selection of inspirational quotes and ways to apply it in real life.

1. Yesterday is history. Tomorrow is a mystery. Today is a gift. That is why we call it the present. – Babatunde Olatunji

Most people, they set their future goals too high that it is almost impossible to reach it at a realistic timeframe. Stop complaining about the past. No matter what you do, time will never rewind itself on that day you made a mistake. So cherish the moment now. Who knows, you may regret the time that you never took a chance to ride that roller coaster when you still can.

2. Do not let what you cannot do stop you from doing what you can do. – John Wooden

This inspirational quote tells us that everyone has a weakness but that does not mean you do not have strength. You must be good at something and that is what you should cultivate.

3. Our greatest glory is not in never falling, but in rising every time we fall. – Confucius

This inspirational quote says that the heart of a champion always pursues his goals. That is why when they reach their aim, they often reap the sweetest glory for the reason that they rose after the fall.

4. To live is the rarest thing in the world. Most people exist, that is all. – Oscar Wilde

True indeed, most people are solely on earth for mere extinction. The bible even tells us that we should do things in the name of the Lord. At the start of the day you should say, “I dedicate my work to you, oh Lord.” That way, you do not just exist, you are living. One distinction between living and existing is HAVING A PURPOSE.

5. The only man who never makes a mistake is the man who never does anything. – Theodore Roosevelt

Of course, how can you achieve something if you do not act on it? You are a human being, not a thing who does not move or breathe.

6. Blessed are those who can give without remembering and take without forgetting. – Elizabeth Bibesco

This inspirational quote tells us that when we give or share something, we oftentimes expect something in return. But it is indeed always better to give than to receive. You may not be compensated here on earth, but God will not forget that good deed you just made.

7. If you want to be happy, be. -Leo Tolstoy

Most people wallow in sadness because they choose to. If your lover left you for another person, why mourn over them. There are more than 6 Billion people around the world and one of them can appreciate you even more and will be afraid of losing you. So choose to be happy instead.

8. Never tell me the sky is the limit when there are footprints on the moon. -Anonymous

This is the real world and as crazy as it is, you are only limited by how far you think you can achieve. So do not stop achieving your dreams.

9. Everything is okay in the end, if it is not ok, then it is not the end. -Anonymous

This is one of the inspirational quotes that tell us not to give up. Challenges are already part of life what you need to do is keep going until everything falls into the right place.


>

7 Reasons to Be Proud to Be Irish

This entry was posted in News on by .

a times with all the financial scandals that we now hear about losing sight of our true spirit. If this is Irish, American, English, Scottish or whatever, it is important to remember our true spirit that is much greater than any recession and much deeper than any financial storm surface. In fact perhaps this very financial storm is the catalyst to realign us with our true spirit and values. What might be some of these values? What do you think they are? Three values you would like that their nationality to have?

here is some important values that make me proud to be Irish:

1. Generosity of spirit -“when I’m hungry I got someone to feed” is what I believe that Mother Theresa said. Perhaps because of our history, particularly the 1847, when 1 million Irish died of starvation and 1 million had to emigrate (a quarter of the Irish population at the time) have been very generous in giving to the causes of the world and many Irish have dedicated all his life to help the less well off. It allows to show the world that our generosity far surpasses any ambition that has been highlighted in recent times.

2. friendship – “Cead Mile Failte” this assumption means 100,000 welcomes. The Irish have been known as a very friendly breed and it has in fact been an attraction for many tourists over the years. Let us open our hearts once more to welcome everyone in our island and Irish kindness true experience, fun and great value!

3. family values – “the strength of a nation derives from the integrity of the House” – Confucio. The future of the human race is in our children, not to our portfolio of property or participation. First of all, we must give our children our love and our time. To give them our time, a resource that none of us will never again showed on a deep level the important thing to us and how much we love them. Until very recent times, the Irish were known to be very relaxed and we had more time for our families and others. They allow us to give more time to our families and as a society allows this reward rather than reward to those who sell investments without scruples. We must learn to teach our children well because the future of humanity depends on it.

4. sporting values – the Irish play the sport around the world if his Gaelic football, soccer, rugby, boxing, athletics, cycling and so on. And there is a sure thing, we are known for having a lot of fun about it. We carry music and “fun” to everything if you win or lose. Lets keep this celebration!

5. a deep sense of history – there are literally millions of people around the world, particularly in the United States who claim Irish decent, now more than the Irish! Throughout the centuries the Irish influence has spread widely and there is a lot to be proud of. Once even called us the “island of Saints and scholars”. Allows you to remember the great town that once walked this land, our mothers and fathers, our writers and poets, our athletes, our true visionary, musicians, our economists and business people who built their careers with integrity and a sense of service, the current clergy that is intended to educate us in mind and spirit, our doctors, our teachers our political truth and the millions more that gave their lives in the greater service in Ireland and indeed all humanity. It is due to his sacrifice and vision that we enjoy all the blessings that we have today. It is the question we must now ask ourselves – what blessings will leave for our children?

6. A spiritual connection – “Be still and know”. The Irish have always had a tradition spiritual, in fact we’ve had a few and they have often fought over them! However no matter what religion or even no religion we have aligned with, the Irish always have felt a strong connection with the divine. There are countless historical sites around Ireland, echoing this spiritual wisdom of our ancestors. Let’s not get caught up in too much “doingness” of life that we have no time to enjoy the journey of “being” and the connection with this invisible divine presence that is always with us. In fact this presence constantly offers us guidance on the voyage of our life, we must take the time to listen.

7. Peace prevails in Ireland – approximately 800 years there have been problems in Ireland, mainly with our closest neighbours, the English. In 1998 signed a peace agreement and in this stage have even disarming the IRA. However, how much celebration is it did about peace? How much we hear about evolution positive since the peace agreement was signed? How much we got offer many other places of conflict around the world to help peace to take place there? Peace in the main carried out in Spain, lets at least put so much energy to spread this amazing news as we do to bombard the world with bad news!

these seven given values of one I am proud to say that I am Irish. Of course I’m sure there are many more reasons to be proud to be Irish and I invite you to share yours in the comments. Also I invite you if you’re from any other nationality to share reasons why you are proud of your nationality. As the Chinese say “it is better to light a candle that curse the darkness”

here is another verse of a song to finish this article.

when Irish hearts we are happy all the world seems bright and gay.
and when they are smiling Irish eyes,
insurance, steal your heart away.


>

Saying Goodbye to a Frozen Friend

This entry was posted in News on by .

There was a point when the vines in my backyard got out of control and I had to use all of my strength to get rid of them. I sprayed the vines with an herbicide, but it didn’t do anything. I had to yank the vines up by hand until they were all gone. There was one place I didn’t bother to remove the vines, and that was an old tree. The vines choked the tree to death and there was nothing I could do except get tree removal in Long Island to take the tree and those pesky vines away with it.

The vines on that tree were the last remnants of my battle with them, so I was happy that they were going to be taken away with the tree. On the other hand, I was sad that the tree had died because I was unable to save it before the vines took over it. That tree was part of my yard for many years. My kids used to climb in that tree like they were little monkeys. We’ve had a lot of good memories with that tree, and in a way, it was like a frozen, inanimate part of our family.

I asked the tree removal people to let me keep a small section of the tree before they took it away. I wanted to keep it to remind me of what used to be. I carved down the piece of tree into a small wooden tree model and sanded and put some finish on it. I made it look like the old tree as much as possible. My wife thought I was a little crazy for getting sentimental over a dead tree, but this was something that she just didn’t understand. That tree was something special, and it will never come back.

Could Macartney’s Mission to China in 1793 Have Succeeded?

This entry was posted in News on by .

the debate around the question of why no Macartney in 1793 can easily become reductive over-emphasizing the absence of Macartney homage to Chinese standards of ritual. However this explores just a bias of the debate focusing solely on the event and Mr Macartney; that in turn becomes a perspective Westernized with no deep understanding of the Chinese geo-political context during the 18th century. The argument must take into account Western goals and objectives surrounding the Macartney Embassy China company, and why that was in conflict with the values and principles of Chinese Confucianism and the conformity of traditional Chinese culture by the Celestial Empire. As Byng and Levere assumptions (1981), ‘ failure of the Embassy is shown to reveal fundamental differences in the responses of the 18th century British and Chinese science; and it has large cultural implications. The article tries to tackle the Macartney Embassy debate from the scientific context of cultural analysis, rather than mere historical importance of the event that creates a transitional character of Macartney and negative debate to make the tribute.

scientific and cultural understanding will be the focus of the proposed debate. As Attwell, ‘ on the surface of this failure appeared to activate the rejection of Macartney follow Chinese Protocol… in Imperial terms Chinese, the preeminent position of the Emperor in the Celestial hierarchy ‘. Attwell argument shows the importance of identifying point of view Celestial of the Qing Empire, China culture of traditionality and disinterest and ambivalence towards the «barbarians of the Western Ocean ‘.» This develops the argument that the mission due to the cultural conflictions of two Empires was doomed from the start. But importantly, maintain a holistic view of the contexts of both Empires will be essential to understand whether the mission was capable of success or not. The argument takes the position that Macartney was condemned to failure from the start, not because of lack of tribute of Protocol, or his character, but because at this point during the 18th century, the two empires were polar opposite of geo-political and firmly rooted in there different and conflicting visions of the world. The ‘ Embassy, in fact, was rejected before it became ‘.

first, the rise of the British Empire during the 18th century explains the mentality coinciding lighting that Britons increasingly more adopted and applied nationally as part of their culture; and the measure to cope with foreign powers to determine how civilised were compared with British achievements. The values and principles of the Enlightenment were those of rationality and observation; as a result the scientific method emerged from the period of the enlightenment and spreading the use of State and fields as historical research. The vision of the British world became increasingly more scientific, and the ‘scientific explosion’ of knowledge during the 18th century contributed to the growing faith of Britain in the sciences. Illustration and promoting the continual development and science was a concept totally alien to China; deeply rooted in the worldview of Confucianism and Heavenly predominance. As feared Attwell, ‘ Qing China… people were evaluated according to their level of civilization in connection with the perfection of the Celestial Empire.

for the British, this position had to do with their level of scientific achievement ‘. The mere concept of the enlightenment was the awakening of new ideas and methods, new rules of study progress, which resulted in Great Britain, adopting the method of industrialization that would make the largest empire Great Britain during the 18th century. On the other hand the Chinese were not aware of the progress of Britain and Europe scientifically and economically as powers, this lack of awareness and concern, is what makes the debate of Macartney historically significant and interesting for research because it marks the contrast between the two civilizations, particularly as the context of the times. The Chinese did not believe that those outside their celestial borders would contribute to the greatness of the celestial Empire, with the son of the sky as the ruler. The Chinese expressed by Gregory “were secure and confident in their world.” These issues of cultural division and cultural priorities, are issues that are directly based on the lack of Macartney to ensure the objectives of the Embassy of Great Britain in 1792. These cultural differences and cultural conflict rules is the root and essence after the failure of the Macartney Embassy, and is due to these, that Macartney could not achieve a successful Embassy regardless of a successful tribute or not tribute.

another obstacle to the success of the enterprise of Macartney was Confucianism roots deep in China; These principles had existed in China for hundreds of years and were inherently part of the cultural life and the Chinese national identity. Illustration contradicted the principles and virtues of Confucianism, particularly power reinforced, as Byng and underscore Levere Emperor that Confucianism Celestial ‘according to the theory of Confucius, the virtue of the Emperor, as son of heaven and the universal rule, inevitably attract the barbarians to his court… see for themselves superiority of China’. The Chinese believed that through exposure to his country and Court bids to the Emperor, foreigners were therefore accept submission to the Celestial Empire and accept the hierarchy of the universal leader. Reasons for the Chang-Ku letter ts’ung-Pien I, BP cited for Byng, provides an in-depth understanding in the Chinese mentality of Western interpretation. The letter is from the “termination Grand’ Governors from China, reads the letter, ‘naturally we should grant his request that they can satisfy their sincerity in navigation across the seas in his yearning for civilization’.” The position is assumed through the Declaration of ‘longing for civilization’ than the Chinese are those who possess this civilization and that foreigners are seeking through the culture of the Celestial Empire. The British however did not see China in this way, appreciating China with curiosity, but not as a superior power. Coincidentally Macartney would not accept this proposal implied subordinate their sovereign King to a foreign Emperor. A conflict of visions of the British and Chinese world became a conflict of ego, each believing in his own superiority, however the British wanted to open the Chinese diplomatic acceptance of British power.

Chinese remained introverted, in his world of Center, neither willing nor interested in accepting the scientific advances of Britain. Two separate worlds, and Macartney event shows the disappointment of the two continents, as Gillingham quoted Alain Peyrefitte, ‘ a collision of two planets… one celestial and Lunar; the other with their feet firmly on the ground, commercial, scientific and industrial’. Observation is one of the patronizing sentiment on behalf of the Chinese statement attributes, but it accurately reflects the extensive nature of the cultural gap between the two powers. In addition, the importance of identifying “Eurocentrism accounts» the culture of China is important for historical conclusions because it is implied by the citation from Gillingham that scientific method adopted by the West was successful or higher compared with virtues speech apparently negative of China at that time. Another example of a statement of Gillingham, ‘surprising case of a clash between an advanced, dynamic society and one traditional and unchanging’, shows the accounts Westernized change according to the measure of success based on the principles of industrialization such as trade and economy. The Chinese description of a successful nation and culture were completely differently from the British; the scientific method represents a foreigner methodology and quantification to the hierarchy China, as Pritchard points out there were ‘problems of early relations with the West arising from divergent practices and ideas’. The Chinese had different and alternative methods of dealing with foreigners; the embrace of extended celestial borders was not an interest of the Qing dynasty.

the issue of trade became a common problem which resulted in the failure of the Macartney Embassy. The British conducted trade in economic power and free trade, the Chinese do not however trade with foreigners for financial gain but rather by compassion for dependent foreign trader on tea and silk trades of China; that Britain was becoming increasingly more dependent because of the growing demand. The Chinese had an alternative belief in trade; trade was meant for the self-sufficiency of the country does not have, this approach was based on the values of Confucianism; an approach described by Landes cited by Attwell as a result ‘cultural triumphalism combined with petty tyranny down made China a reluctant promoter and bad student’. The statement does not reflect however a understanding of the context of 18th-century Chinese cultural values, as he argued, China refused to change or adapt to the British paradigm of scientific methodology and social progression. A more accurate account of Chinese culture would emphasize the geopolitical landscape of selfishness and introversion d(e) the relationship of China with foreigners. As it identifies Cramner – Byng, ‘ the Macartney Embassy did not succeed in piercing the armor of cultural superiority as characterized by the system of tribute to the Chinese Empire’. The argument reflects the conviction that Macartney not could have been successful regardless the procedure tribute performed according to Chinese official standards and cultural division. But the motivations and objectives of Britain only one facet of the reasons why Macartney was inconceivably condemned from the moment that came out of Britain.

the East India Trading Company is particularly concerned with the success of the Embassy of China, want to set new standards that would benefit Britain by giving access to potentially desirable ports of trade speculation; Gillingham abbreviated ‘there was however frustrations in the rigid controls imposed at a port in China, which was opened to foreign trade’. The company took such interest and pursued the dedication to the Embassy which established a Commission to oversee the mission, the secret and the Superintendency Committee. However the Committee did not have a grasp of Chinese traders Hong and aspirations of the leaders of the elite. Therefore the Macartney Embassy did not have full preparation of ceremonial concepts within Chinese culture and the effect on the State involved towards the emperor. Macartney, in applying their sovereign to be the recipient of your tribute did not understand, or more probably underestimated, the hierarchical supremacy of the Emperor; Zewei says, ‘under the whole heaven, there is no land that is not the Emperor, and exist within the boundaries of land sea, who is not a subject of the Emperor’. Confucianism served as a doctrine to support energy Celestial Emperor on Chinese society and the world around China, but keep served as a means of social control over the Chinese and foreigners who visit the Celestial Empire to pay tribute to the world of the Center. The idea was one of conversion, as Byng and Levere cite, ‘ could see for themselves Chinese superiority… barbarians would naturally be anxious to come to transform ‘.

Macartney Embassy although a failure marked an important period for China, the realization of its forces from the external world and the changing balance of power transfer to Western colonizers. As Byng declares, ‘the Macartney Embassy was the writing on the wall, a warning that Chinese exclusivity may not be forever.’

However, the homage of Macartney implications are of relevance to the issue of the perceived lack of Macartney. The Chinese perspective is essential for understanding by which refusal of Macartney to Chinese customs ceremonial undermined key objectives of the Embassy. The Chinese believed the Embassy British was a standard procedure of ‘ceremonial homage of the Court’ and they held up signs saying that Lord Macartney had come to pay the Court with respect to the emperor. However, the British had several objectives, including the opening of several commercial ports and an officer of the British in the Chinese capital. These goals were against the Chinese, the Chinese Hanshen arguing they had not established any such ‘unprecedented’ with any of the other countries of the Western Ocean. The Embassy was a tribute, and treated as such, Mungello States, ‘the Chinese placed a banner in Macartney barge which clearly identifies it as an Envoy of homenaje-rodamiento of Great Britain’. The British wanted to stand out as an Embassy of their European counterparts, but the Chinese could not accept a distinction of Great Britain as different; so it would be to admit Britain from superior standards of treatment and precedent of reconciliations between the other branches of the Western Ocean. Lack of Macartney strongly can be attributed to the reluctance of China to separate Britain as different from the other powers, as Mungello concludes, ‘attempts to British to receive special treatment from the Chinese were sentenced by guest ritual obligations to treat equally all nations’.

‘ in many ways when the Embassy could hardly have been worse.’ Macartney expedition was a failure, but nevertheless proved to be insightful for the British, the Chinese Romance of the Jesuit era was far and exposed flaws and self-centered concept of themselves and the world from China. Macartney hoped a diplomatic solution, but the opium wars were an indictment of lost patience with the Celestial presence by the British. The context of two different cultures, cultures of conflict is what causes lack of Macartney. China was not ready to embrace the scientific and commercial values of the West, a move that would be destructive to China in the opium wars. But China, stable, now through the lands of the European continent. As Byng, ‘ Ch lung ‘ien and its officials seemed quite unaware that it was being questioned the position of Chinese supremacy in the world.’ The fact that the tribute was simply a response to the cultural divisions and strong convictions of both empires of its supremacy of values around the world, similar to an ideological struggle of culture. Tribute, represents the facet or face cultural apprehension and incompatibility between China and Great Britain as Hevia identifies, ‘ the contingency of ceremonial performance is important to note because in the 19th century and more later, it was claimed by diplomats and academics that the rigidity of the rites and the Chinese rejection to make alterations, in the heart of Sino-Western conflict ‘. The implications to the Macartney Embassy are evident in his failure.

Attwell, William bibliography. ‘Macartney failed trade delegation to China, 1792-1794’, quarterly newsletter of the National Library of Africa South, vol. 66. No. 1, (2012): 25-34.

Cranmer Byng, J.L and Trevor. H. Levere. ‘ a case study in cultural collision: scientific apparatus in the Macartney Embassy to China, 1793’, Annals of science, 38. (1981): 503-525.

Byng-Cranmer, J.L. ‘of the Lord Macartney Embassy of Beijing in 1793 of Chinese official documents’, the British Library: the University of Hong Kong (1961): 117-183.

Gillingham, Paul. ‘The Macartney Embassy,’ history today (November 1993): 28-34.

Gregory, John S. The West and China since the year 1500, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002.

Hevia, James L. ‘ the last gesture of deference and vilification: humble in China’, past and present, (2009): 212-234.

Mungello, O.D. The great encounter of China and the West, Plymouth: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2009.

Pritchard, Earl H. “at the Embassy Kotow Macartney to China in 1793”, The Quarterly of far East (1943): 163-202.

Zewi, Yang. ‘ Western international law and Confucianism from China in the 19th century: collision and integration ‘, Journal of the history of international law 13 (2011): 285-306.


>

Most Popular Stress Relief Management Audio Books

This entry was posted in News on by .

you are one of those people that have enough hours of sleep, but not resting at all? First, the dream is somehow different from the rest. Rest is total body and mind relaxation while sleep is limited only to its definition as a natural state of bodily rest. Your body might have rested, but your mind has possibly not. Unconsciously, your mind might have been still worry about pending bills, their problems in the office, or his faithful spouse who has not come home, but since yesterday.

as said Confucius, “life is really simple, but we insist on making it complicated”. Each of us literally took a complex life. Even babies have complicated life too. And too many complications mainly to stress. Every day, many people may experience stress very frequently and severely affected his used to be normal forms of life, as well as their physical and mental health. This is the main reason why more and more people are looking for every possible way and helps to reduce stress. Stress relief is not as simple and as easy as it may seem. To be fully and successfully relieved the tension, you need professional help or suggestions from people who have dedicated their lives to understand the meaning of stress and the importance of a stress-free life.

but then, instead of literally out on the street and have a serious discussion of a real-life professional, the computer can provide sufficient assistance to help you live to stress free life. I’m not talking a team with arms coming to built-in that it can give you that massage therapy has wanting. With just a few clicks and taps on the keyboard, access to a number of audio books that can be well oriented towards a stress-free life. These books are not like other public works such as the so-called talking books and all you have to do is listen and relax.

stress management audio books are offered on the internet; You can easily get at any time. One of the many popular audio books that we find on the Internet is the “8 principles of spiritual life” by Anthony Strano. In this audio book, Anthony Strano shares all his secrets and principles towards inner stability and joy our lives. These principles that he is very willing to share with all are mere products of all experiences and experiments, Strano has done in his 20 years of practice the spirituality of life. Popular categories included in the book are handling stress, personal growth and health and fitness. Audio book price is $7.92 but you can download today with just $5.75.

“a guide to eliminate stress and anxiety” by Andy guides is another book that has also been cleaning shelves these days. This audio book talks about the serious case of stress and anxiety, and the effective ways of dealing with them. Andy guides has experienced the same stress and anxiety that everyone has had. What he did to deal effectively with these things can be heard in their audio at only $10.99 book. A category including in his audio book is alternative therapies against stress and anxiety.

other audiobook look out for still comes from Andy entitled “A guide to guided relaxation” guides. The entire 2 hours and 59 minutes length of the book is filled with all the necessary tools for a guided relaxation, its benefits, the effects of stress, guide to a proper, sleep peacefully yoga, relaxation of images and much more. At $10.99, you can download this audiobook of self-help instantly and take advantage of effectively manage stress.

break Ups are also a potential source of stress for anyone. In some foreign countries, this has been a cause for suicide leader. This is why principal by Dr. James E. Walton made his book, “after breaking up: heals the heart and find happiness”. This one hour and 15-minute audio book addresses the positive growth of negative experiences, effective ways to full recovery, going on with life, the differences between men and women to break ups, the importance share the problem with other people, the benefits of hypnosis for such problem and much more help. At $7.99, you can quickly download this audio distributed but very short book.

in previous years, hypnosis has been considered as a medical practice that is effective for pain relief and some surgical procedures. Audio of Andy Guide book “A guide to hypnosis” reveals that this practice can go beyond and can be used for many purposes more healthy. With the audio of Andy Guide book, you can choose effectively a competent instructor of hypnosis, hypnosis benefits, how hypnosis can help you deal with diabetes and much more. This 3 hours and 10 minutes audio book is easily downloadable at the price of $10.99.

other than those mentioned above, internet shows many more audio books that have become popular not only for its author, but also with all the benefits it can offer to who cares to listen.


>

China’s Ancient Philosophy of Legalism Could Be Relevant in Current Nigeria’s Situation

This entry was posted in News on by .

to build a strong, peaceful and orderly society very much depends on the direction that is truly committed to strict transformational values that will benefit not only our society, but also to future generations. Any leadership following corruption managed instead of fighting it really cannot ensure the future of a nation. In the previous democratic regimes, Nigerian leaders have expressed their feelings about the slow pace of development, unemployment, increase in the rate of crime, bad roads, bad electricity and related issues of corruption that would address in their Governments. Each campaign focuses on these issues, but in the end turns out not to deal with them.

at the moment, Nigerians do not know the right person to choose at the headquarters of the direction of apex since they seem to be good during the campaigns, but when they get into the seat of power, they are to be (bad) people who do not work for the interest of the suffering masses, but his own selfish ends. For the moment, it seems that only the China ‘legalism’ as a school of thought can work in Nigerian society.

the philosophy of legalism became quite popular in China during the age of a hundred flowers. Followers of this school of thought held that ‘humans were by nature evil and follow the correct order only if they are forced by stiff penalties and harsh laws’. (Also known as law school) Legalists believe that only firm action by the State can really bring about social order that can positively transform a State. This was against the school of Confucius thought that holds that “human nature was basically good and that the universe has a moral code”. The appearance of the view of the Legalists, who seem to be most relevant in this regard is that “human nature is therefore essentially corrupt, officials cannot be trusted to carry out their functions fairly and only a strong ruler could create an orderly society”.

after the recent presidential debate for the general elections in April 2011, seems that Nigeria is to have a strong leader who can really transform the country. All aspiring spoke issues equal or similar to bothering to Nigerians with variations only in the choice of the structure of words and the language used in answering the questions. There was no trace of Obama in his words and speeches that obviously show lack of passion to truly transform Nigeria. General Mohamadu Buhari, who many believe, if they come to power, will transform the nation with its impassive nature of approaching issues of corruption proved otherwise in the debate. His concern seems to be more about accountability and the probe. In this way, be reasoned that he (general Buhari) will change from four to eight years of his regime’s review of cases of corruption that have never taken Nigeria forward.

at this point, it can be assumed that the democracy in Nigeria is still crawling and not yet on their feet. Nigeria, therefore, need a strong leader with a legalistic approach, drawing a line between old and new practices and continue meeting the contemporary challenges for the benefit of Nigerians will be, but issues of corruption under his regime, not through legal manipulation means but with firm hands. War against indiscipline (WAI), once introduced by general Buhari, is just what a leader Nigerians deserve. Not leaders who tolerate the indiscipline of all kinds tend to be evident in the economic backwardness of the nation. Unless a leader with a legalistic view handles and try to corrupt Nigerians with firm hands, pace of development of Nigeria will not be different from the speed of a forest snail.


>

Life – The Golden Thread

This entry was posted in News on by .

in the last 5,000 years there are a total of 64 generations of Patriarchs in three different periods, known as periods of green, red and white. The first 18 generations of Patriarchs was from China, then the next 28 generations of Patriarchs of the India and the last 18 generations of Patriarchs of China making a total of 64 generations of Patriarchs. Firstly, the Patriarchs were 13 generations of emperors, begun by the emperor Fu Shi, after 5 generations of scholars with Lao Tze (the founder of Taoism) as the first scholar, followed by 28 generations of Buddhist monks in India in India, 5 generations of Chinese monks in China and by last lay people in China. It’s a mystical by Sky revelation so that they inform us of the lineage of Tao which had to prepare over a period of 5,000 years before the arrival of the Final catastrophe that will end the world.

the period of green – the Buddha in charge of this period is Dipankara Buddha and began around 3100 BC to 1214 BC and lasted a few years 1886. This period has 11 Patriarchs of the first Patriarch emperor Fu Shi. This period is symbolized by the Lotus green leaf.

the period red – the Buddha in charge of this period is Sakyamuni Buddha began around 1190 BC to 1924 A.D. and lasted a few years 3,114. This period has 51 generations of Patriarchs of the Giang Tai Gong Patriarch Patriarch Liu Hwapu (12)-(62). This period is symbolized by the Red Lotus Flower.

the period of white – the Buddha in charge of this period is Maitreya Buddha and started around 1883 AD to 10,800 years until 12683 AD. This period has only two generations of Patriarchs, Lutsu Chung Yi (63), the reincarnation of Maitreya Buddha and dignitary master Chang Tienzen and Sun Shuzen (both 64). The two Patriarchs 64 are the reincarnation of JiGong and Bodhisattva Yueh-Hui respectively. This period is symbolized by the White Lotus root. [[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[

the Tao of JiGong lineage is as follows:

the first 18 generations of Patriarchs of China are 1] emperor Fu Shi 2] emperor Sunlung 3] emperor Huang 4] emperor Souhou 5] emperor Tsuanshi 6] emperor Ku 7] emperor Yow 8] Emperor Shun 9] emperor Yu 10] emperor Yeeyin 11] King Tong 12] Giang Tai Gong 13] King Wen Rey Wu and Chou Kung 14] Lao Tze 15] Confucio 16] Yienwhie & Tsentzu 17] Tsuseu and 18] Mencius. [[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[

the 28 generations of Patriarchs of the India are 1] Arya Mahakasyapa 2] Arya Ananda 3] Arya Sanakavasa 4] Arya Upagupta 5] Arya Dhritaka 6] Arya Michaka 7] Arya Vasumitra 8] Arya Buddhanandi 9] Arya Buddhamitra 10] Arya Parsva 11] Arya Punyayasas 12] Bodhisattva Aśvaghoṣa 13] Arya Kapimala 14] Bodhisattva Nagarijuna 15] Kanadeva 16] Arya Rahulata 17] Arya Sanghanandi 18] Arya Gayasata 19] Arya Kumarata 20] Arya Jayata 21] Arya Vasubandhu 22] Arya Manorhita 23] Arya Haklenayasas 24] [Arya Simha 25]. [[[Arya Basiasita 26] Arya Punyamitra 27] Arya Prajnatara and 28] Arya Bodhidharma. [[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[

end 18 generations of China are: 1] Bodhidharma 2] Huik’u 3] Seng Tsan 4] Tao Hsin 5] Hung Yen 6] Hui Neng 7] EIB Yuzen & Ma Duanyang 8] Luo Weichuan 9] Huang Tehhui 10] Wu Tzusiang 11] Ho Liaokoo 12] Yuan Tuian 13] Hsie Huanwu & Yang Huanshu 14] Yow Hotien 15] Wong Gioyi 16] Liu Nwapu 17] Lutzu Chung Yi and 18] dignitary master Chang Sun & Tienzen Shuzen.

this is beyond the knowledge of man and religion, only heaven can give to us. In the Temple of Tao of heaven, this lineage of Tao, known as the golden thread was very well prepared with data in the form of a table. It is to pave the way for human gain lighting more than 5,000 years by the sky and ultimately salvation. The 64 Patriarchs are the spiritual masters of devotees of the Tao of heaven.

author: T.A chew


>

Characteristics of Civilization in Ancient China

This entry was posted in News on by .

I once I instructed to find examples that show that China had the characteristics of civilization and also to show how China civilization was different from that of Mesopotamia and Egypt. There are many examples demonstrating that China possessed the characteristics of civilization. When one considers their ceremonial temples, his book of wisdom, the I-Ching, his poetry of world-renowned and kitchen, simple longevity of their society, and the people cities, it is clear that the Chinese knew so much about civilization as the Mesopotamians and the Egyptians. On the other hand, however, the Chinese also differ in their experience of civil society. We will explore the similarities and differences in the present. As you know, the five main characteristics of a civilization are centres of population in cities, writing, ritual centres, continuity and the arts.

china had a highly developed cultural core that was used to promote a moral order of its people. As revealed by the text “China: the mandate of heaven” (wood), Confucio proposed that “State is a moral order sustained by virtue, ritual and reverence to ancestors”. (Wood) All those aspects of the civilization China was initially impregnated of these values. The ceremonial temples and shrines throughout China were a big part of this. These ritual centers drew millions to the major cities of China. There are the famous Taoist temple atop the sacred mountain, Tai Shan, in the province of Shandong and the monument to Confucius in Suzhou, China.

the book of wisdom China, the I-Ching, was another example of the presence of the characteristics of civilization in China. Considered one of the leaders of this writing, it testifies to the importance of the word written in Chinese society. This is a vital document for anyone who studies the history of civilization.

in addition, were the arts of China. Arts, as we all know, are one of the fundamental features of civilization. The poets Li Po and Du Fu, headed the list of a long tradition of Chinese arts. If cuisine could be classified among the arts, Chinese cooking would lead the world. Was one of those known more early and more sought after the kitchens. Its centuries old, famous dishes have become a literal art form.

is common knowledge that China has the world’s largest population. Much of this town lived and still lives in China’s cities. While the details particular living arrangements and living standards among the millions of residents of cities such as Kai thank you, Beijing, Hong Kong, Shanghai and Tianjin are the subject of other settings, none can put into question China’s commitment to live in cities. This is one of the most evident characteristics of the civilization that China shows well.

Finally, China is one of the most ancient civilizations on Earth. Their culture and impressive traditions include millennia, as those who have studied any civilization of the world well knows. They have demonstrated the kind of continuity between generations who have enjoyed some other civilizations. Although parallel to all these examples can be found in the civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt, three examples, in particular, serve to accentuate the differences between the three civilizations.

in ancient China:

1 – a man set the tone for always

2 – religion was less dogmatic

3 – an integral component of imported society

while have the same characteristics of civilization as other ancient civilizations in the world, a privileged area of the difference in leadership. As stated, a man significantly influenced Chinese society for ever… alone! In Mesopotamia and Egypt, the tribes, the elderly and divine Kings sets the tone for society for hundreds of years. Confucius believed and promulgated the belief that ‘goodness’ was the Foundation of a successful civilization. The leaders were therefore, only granted authority for as long as they remained ‘vertical’. Confucius was concerned with the establishment of a sustainable moral order in the land. Only Confucius should be credited with shaping the China civilization, past and present. Mesopotamia and Egypt had its heroes, its influence was not as powerful as Confucius in China.

second, in China, the religion had a much more humble, less dogmatic religions of Mesopotamia and Egypt. There was less talk of directives divine or divine and more than one emphasis on personal enlightenment and honor his lineage. It seems that the Chinese were more concerned about the spirituality of the traditional forms and themes of religion. With the introduction of the Taoism in China, the ‘right path’ was sought by all. Even, Yes, it’s a contrast with religions of Mesopotamia and Egypt. The search for the ‘right path’ was an admission that one did not know the way and had to find it. This thought is juxtaposed with the more dogmatic, propitiation had tied polytheistic religions of Mesopotamia and Egypt.

was also the subject of Buddhism. This was an idea imported from the India. While all three civilizations learned from other cultures and make their distinct and significant contributions to humanity over the years, among the three, only China had imported an important component of their civilization from another country. Buddhism arrived from the India. It seemed perfectly complementing Confucianism and Taoism, highlighting the interior lighting and the ritual meditation. The Chinese quickly adopted and used their precepts.

taked altogether, all these many examples demonstrate that the Chinese possessed the necessary characteristics of civilization. In addition, we could conclude that the Chinese are masters of the city. Alchemists, if you want to, carefully combining arts, large populations in cities, ceremonial temples and other ritual, written centers honored time and continuity in a civilization unparalleled well point maintaining significant deviations from pathways to Mesopotamia and Egypt civilization.


>