Author Archives: Elsa

China’s Ancient Philosophy of Legalism Could Be Relevant in Current Nigeria’s Situation

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to build a strong, peaceful and orderly society very much depends on the direction that is truly committed to strict transformational values that will benefit not only our society, but also to future generations. Any leadership following corruption managed instead of fighting it really cannot ensure the future of a nation. In the previous democratic regimes, Nigerian leaders have expressed their feelings about the slow pace of development, unemployment, increase in the rate of crime, bad roads, bad electricity and related issues of corruption that would address in their Governments. Each campaign focuses on these issues, but in the end turns out not to deal with them.

at the moment, Nigerians do not know the right person to choose at the headquarters of the direction of apex since they seem to be good during the campaigns, but when they get into the seat of power, they are to be (bad) people who do not work for the interest of the suffering masses, but his own selfish ends. For the moment, it seems that only the China ‘legalism’ as a school of thought can work in Nigerian society.

the philosophy of legalism became quite popular in China during the age of a hundred flowers. Followers of this school of thought held that ‘humans were by nature evil and follow the correct order only if they are forced by stiff penalties and harsh laws’. (Also known as law school) Legalists believe that only firm action by the State can really bring about social order that can positively transform a State. This was against the school of Confucius thought that holds that “human nature was basically good and that the universe has a moral code”. The appearance of the view of the Legalists, who seem to be most relevant in this regard is that “human nature is therefore essentially corrupt, officials cannot be trusted to carry out their functions fairly and only a strong ruler could create an orderly society”.

after the recent presidential debate for the general elections in April 2011, seems that Nigeria is to have a strong leader who can really transform the country. All aspiring spoke issues equal or similar to bothering to Nigerians with variations only in the choice of the structure of words and the language used in answering the questions. There was no trace of Obama in his words and speeches that obviously show lack of passion to truly transform Nigeria. General Mohamadu Buhari, who many believe, if they come to power, will transform the nation with its impassive nature of approaching issues of corruption proved otherwise in the debate. His concern seems to be more about accountability and the probe. In this way, be reasoned that he (general Buhari) will change from four to eight years of his regime’s review of cases of corruption that have never taken Nigeria forward.

at this point, it can be assumed that the democracy in Nigeria is still crawling and not yet on their feet. Nigeria, therefore, need a strong leader with a legalistic approach, drawing a line between old and new practices and continue meeting the contemporary challenges for the benefit of Nigerians will be, but issues of corruption under his regime, not through legal manipulation means but with firm hands. War against indiscipline (WAI), once introduced by general Buhari, is just what a leader Nigerians deserve. Not leaders who tolerate the indiscipline of all kinds tend to be evident in the economic backwardness of the nation. Unless a leader with a legalistic view handles and try to corrupt Nigerians with firm hands, pace of development of Nigeria will not be different from the speed of a forest snail.


Life – The Golden Thread

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in the last 5,000 years there are a total of 64 generations of Patriarchs in three different periods, known as periods of green, red and white. The first 18 generations of Patriarchs was from China, then the next 28 generations of Patriarchs of the India and the last 18 generations of Patriarchs of China making a total of 64 generations of Patriarchs. Firstly, the Patriarchs were 13 generations of emperors, begun by the emperor Fu Shi, after 5 generations of scholars with Lao Tze (the founder of Taoism) as the first scholar, followed by 28 generations of Buddhist monks in India in India, 5 generations of Chinese monks in China and by last lay people in China. It’s a mystical by Sky revelation so that they inform us of the lineage of Tao which had to prepare over a period of 5,000 years before the arrival of the Final catastrophe that will end the world.

the period of green – the Buddha in charge of this period is Dipankara Buddha and began around 3100 BC to 1214 BC and lasted a few years 1886. This period has 11 Patriarchs of the first Patriarch emperor Fu Shi. This period is symbolized by the Lotus green leaf.

the period red – the Buddha in charge of this period is Sakyamuni Buddha began around 1190 BC to 1924 A.D. and lasted a few years 3,114. This period has 51 generations of Patriarchs of the Giang Tai Gong Patriarch Patriarch Liu Hwapu (12)-(62). This period is symbolized by the Red Lotus Flower.

the period of white – the Buddha in charge of this period is Maitreya Buddha and started around 1883 AD to 10,800 years until 12683 AD. This period has only two generations of Patriarchs, Lutsu Chung Yi (63), the reincarnation of Maitreya Buddha and dignitary master Chang Tienzen and Sun Shuzen (both 64). The two Patriarchs 64 are the reincarnation of JiGong and Bodhisattva Yueh-Hui respectively. This period is symbolized by the White Lotus root. [[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[

the Tao of JiGong lineage is as follows:

the first 18 generations of Patriarchs of China are 1] emperor Fu Shi 2] emperor Sunlung 3] emperor Huang 4] emperor Souhou 5] emperor Tsuanshi 6] emperor Ku 7] emperor Yow 8] Emperor Shun 9] emperor Yu 10] emperor Yeeyin 11] King Tong 12] Giang Tai Gong 13] King Wen Rey Wu and Chou Kung 14] Lao Tze 15] Confucio 16] Yienwhie & Tsentzu 17] Tsuseu and 18] Mencius. [[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[

the 28 generations of Patriarchs of the India are 1] Arya Mahakasyapa 2] Arya Ananda 3] Arya Sanakavasa 4] Arya Upagupta 5] Arya Dhritaka 6] Arya Michaka 7] Arya Vasumitra 8] Arya Buddhanandi 9] Arya Buddhamitra 10] Arya Parsva 11] Arya Punyayasas 12] Bodhisattva Aśvaghoṣa 13] Arya Kapimala 14] Bodhisattva Nagarijuna 15] Kanadeva 16] Arya Rahulata 17] Arya Sanghanandi 18] Arya Gayasata 19] Arya Kumarata 20] Arya Jayata 21] Arya Vasubandhu 22] Arya Manorhita 23] Arya Haklenayasas 24] [Arya Simha 25]. [[[Arya Basiasita 26] Arya Punyamitra 27] Arya Prajnatara and 28] Arya Bodhidharma. [[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[

end 18 generations of China are: 1] Bodhidharma 2] Huik’u 3] Seng Tsan 4] Tao Hsin 5] Hung Yen 6] Hui Neng 7] EIB Yuzen & Ma Duanyang 8] Luo Weichuan 9] Huang Tehhui 10] Wu Tzusiang 11] Ho Liaokoo 12] Yuan Tuian 13] Hsie Huanwu & Yang Huanshu 14] Yow Hotien 15] Wong Gioyi 16] Liu Nwapu 17] Lutzu Chung Yi and 18] dignitary master Chang Sun & Tienzen Shuzen.

this is beyond the knowledge of man and religion, only heaven can give to us. In the Temple of Tao of heaven, this lineage of Tao, known as the golden thread was very well prepared with data in the form of a table. It is to pave the way for human gain lighting more than 5,000 years by the sky and ultimately salvation. The 64 Patriarchs are the spiritual masters of devotees of the Tao of heaven.

author: T.A chew


Characteristics of Civilization in Ancient China

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I once I instructed to find examples that show that China had the characteristics of civilization and also to show how China civilization was different from that of Mesopotamia and Egypt. There are many examples demonstrating that China possessed the characteristics of civilization. When one considers their ceremonial temples, his book of wisdom, the I-Ching, his poetry of world-renowned and kitchen, simple longevity of their society, and the people cities, it is clear that the Chinese knew so much about civilization as the Mesopotamians and the Egyptians. On the other hand, however, the Chinese also differ in their experience of civil society. We will explore the similarities and differences in the present. As you know, the five main characteristics of a civilization are centres of population in cities, writing, ritual centres, continuity and the arts.

china had a highly developed cultural core that was used to promote a moral order of its people. As revealed by the text “China: the mandate of heaven” (wood), Confucio proposed that “State is a moral order sustained by virtue, ritual and reverence to ancestors”. (Wood) All those aspects of the civilization China was initially impregnated of these values. The ceremonial temples and shrines throughout China were a big part of this. These ritual centers drew millions to the major cities of China. There are the famous Taoist temple atop the sacred mountain, Tai Shan, in the province of Shandong and the monument to Confucius in Suzhou, China.

the book of wisdom China, the I-Ching, was another example of the presence of the characteristics of civilization in China. Considered one of the leaders of this writing, it testifies to the importance of the word written in Chinese society. This is a vital document for anyone who studies the history of civilization.

in addition, were the arts of China. Arts, as we all know, are one of the fundamental features of civilization. The poets Li Po and Du Fu, headed the list of a long tradition of Chinese arts. If cuisine could be classified among the arts, Chinese cooking would lead the world. Was one of those known more early and more sought after the kitchens. Its centuries old, famous dishes have become a literal art form.

is common knowledge that China has the world’s largest population. Much of this town lived and still lives in China’s cities. While the details particular living arrangements and living standards among the millions of residents of cities such as Kai thank you, Beijing, Hong Kong, Shanghai and Tianjin are the subject of other settings, none can put into question China’s commitment to live in cities. This is one of the most evident characteristics of the civilization that China shows well.

Finally, China is one of the most ancient civilizations on Earth. Their culture and impressive traditions include millennia, as those who have studied any civilization of the world well knows. They have demonstrated the kind of continuity between generations who have enjoyed some other civilizations. Although parallel to all these examples can be found in the civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt, three examples, in particular, serve to accentuate the differences between the three civilizations.

in ancient China:

1 – a man set the tone for always

2 – religion was less dogmatic

3 – an integral component of imported society

while have the same characteristics of civilization as other ancient civilizations in the world, a privileged area of the difference in leadership. As stated, a man significantly influenced Chinese society for ever… alone! In Mesopotamia and Egypt, the tribes, the elderly and divine Kings sets the tone for society for hundreds of years. Confucius believed and promulgated the belief that ‘goodness’ was the Foundation of a successful civilization. The leaders were therefore, only granted authority for as long as they remained ‘vertical’. Confucius was concerned with the establishment of a sustainable moral order in the land. Only Confucius should be credited with shaping the China civilization, past and present. Mesopotamia and Egypt had its heroes, its influence was not as powerful as Confucius in China.

second, in China, the religion had a much more humble, less dogmatic religions of Mesopotamia and Egypt. There was less talk of directives divine or divine and more than one emphasis on personal enlightenment and honor his lineage. It seems that the Chinese were more concerned about the spirituality of the traditional forms and themes of religion. With the introduction of the Taoism in China, the ‘right path’ was sought by all. Even, Yes, it’s a contrast with religions of Mesopotamia and Egypt. The search for the ‘right path’ was an admission that one did not know the way and had to find it. This thought is juxtaposed with the more dogmatic, propitiation had tied polytheistic religions of Mesopotamia and Egypt.

was also the subject of Buddhism. This was an idea imported from the India. While all three civilizations learned from other cultures and make their distinct and significant contributions to humanity over the years, among the three, only China had imported an important component of their civilization from another country. Buddhism arrived from the India. It seemed perfectly complementing Confucianism and Taoism, highlighting the interior lighting and the ritual meditation. The Chinese quickly adopted and used their precepts.

taked altogether, all these many examples demonstrate that the Chinese possessed the necessary characteristics of civilization. In addition, we could conclude that the Chinese are masters of the city. Alchemists, if you want to, carefully combining arts, large populations in cities, ceremonial temples and other ritual, written centers honored time and continuity in a civilization unparalleled well point maintaining significant deviations from pathways to Mesopotamia and Egypt civilization.


History of the East Asian Religions

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East Asian religions have many principles in common. For example, highlights of unity in all things and the relationship of every living form the planet nature and its surroundings. Among all religions of East Asia, Confucianism and Taoism have gained dominance of the majority. In fact, they were the most ancient religions in China and East Asia. Although nowadays, Buddhism is very commonly practised, Buddhism actually came from the India and spread in East Asia in the later centuries.


Taoism is primarily considered founded by Lao-Tse, a contemporary of Confucius. In search of peace, solutions against the constant feudal wars and several conflicts in the life of Lao Tse led him to the creation of a new religion, Taoism. Taoism was originally a concept about psychology and philosophy, but as last years itself become a religion around 440 BC and was adopted as the State religion.

the beliefs and practices in State of Taoism, Tao is a force that flows through all life forms and is the first cause of the universe. The followers of Taoism believe that its goal is to be one with the Tao. Most of the believers of religion Taoism cites the art of “wu wei”. It is said that “wu wei” the minimum action needed to maintain the religious followers.

of Confucianism Confucianism, a religion that redefines individual morality and ethics, was initiated by k ‘ k’ung Fu Tzu. Born in 551 BC and his preaching was above all in the exercise of political powers, the morals and ethics with respect to an individual. The Confucian ethical teachings of the State values as “Li”, “Hsiao”, “Yi”, “Xin”, “Jen” and “Chung”.

Li defines rituals, label and decorum. Hsiao said the definition of love. Xin and Yi respect the values of honesty, honesty and Justice respectively. While Chung preaches about loyalty to the country, Jen deals with humanity and benevolence towards all forms of life, which is the highest Confucian virtue.


Cosplay, the new fashion

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You can find many different types of new things coming into our life daily and folks are attempting to take these matters. You and you may find new garments when you are walking on the road selling in the store and cosplay shows held on the street, respectively. You may find distinct new things each and every day, should you not accept them, you will fall behind others and even the entire world.

Cosplay is really a street fashion at first, but it has become an extremely stylish art for some individuals. There are lots of people that are so caring of cosplay, they have their own cosplay group. Cosplay is so popular due to the fact that anime and manga have been in individuals’ life for quite a while and manga lovers and these anime fans only want to replay some of their favourite plots.

These costumes and accessories can help to make your cosplay be interesting and vivid. So long as you make up yourself and dress up yourself, you can be seemed as the original character. If you desire to be the best, you have to pay attention to the facial expressions. Just the most similar one is the best.

During the preparation of cosplay, you will need to try your best. You realize that of you desire to be a successful cosplayer, you’ve got to practice a lot, you have to do your best to play with these characters.

Thanks to Cosplayful for the contribution to the article.

The "Jen Ratio" – A More Nuanced View of Emotional Intelligence

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think about the relationship of jen as a lens through which you can take stock of their attempt to lead a meaningful life.

– D. Keltner, born to be good: the science of a life significant

you know that if they engage in five acts of kindness a week, you can raise your personal well-being in life forms? You might think that this is obvious. Try to do it and face the real world of chaos, uncertainty for many and news that more bad than good. It is a good and compassionate work.

think of how it would benefit any organization acts of kindness coursing through him every hour and every day. The rise of the ratio of positive emotion directly affect the quality and quantity of innovation!

“Jen” science, the study of positive emotion, has been hinted at for centuries by several philosophers and scientists such as Darwin, Confucius, Socrates, and Plato. But “jen” has only become its own recently in the shadow and dying embers of the industrial revolution.

as elite athletes have known for some time, do not rise to our best through fear. The latter helps us survive under extreme circumstances, but it is not sustainable as a way of being.

the last crisis financial global has proven that the “Homo economicus” of Adam Smith has its limits. The pursuit of self-interest that is not focused on getting the good in others can lead to serious destruction. As Dächer Keltner, author of Born reiterated good, selfishness, competition and monitoring have been built in our evolutionary makeup to survive, but these trends are only “half of the story”. “Homo reciprocans” is a better description of our reciprocal nature and the importance of the emotions to make economic or any other decisions.

the good emotional side of humanity, called “jen” by Confucius, has always been with us. It is gaining ground in our consciousness around the world as being more and better informed. Be reminded us on our good side by Henry Patch, the last surviving soldier to they have fought in the trenches of the first world war, who died aged 111 on July 25, 2009. In his memoirs, written after reaching 100, described the agreement he and his companions make: avoid killing the enemy if possible. Aim for the legs in place. Academics have picked up on this theme on our emotional side good for a number of decades.

in the 90s, Daniel Goleman and others revived the place that emotional intelligence as a conductor of great leadership, the largest that done in an organization, the most important.

not long after, Marcus Buckingham through his research of Gallup of more than 80,000 managers based on the strengths of employees is a faster route to a positive climate and the success of the employee who try to change what is not there (transformation of weaknesses).

lately, even planning has had a facelift with the introduction of the process called “Appreciative inquiry” or “AI” for short. As practices of elite sport, AI takes the road working on the creation of more than one outstanding performance of an organization through aspirational discovery, dreaming and design.

since the end of the 90s, Martin Seligman, who became famous for his theory of “desamparo” in the 1970s and 80s, began a growing worldwide movement called “Positive psychology”. It is based on the works of famous psychologists humanists such as Abraham Maslow, Carl Rogers and Erich Fromm.

recently, neuroscience is lending credibility to the value of “jen” (which means “human”), long advocated by Confucius. We are giving to others and act cooperatively. When we do it, centers of reward of our dense brain with dopamine receptors are illuminated and have activity. Confucius recognized that cultivate the character of “jen” developed in oneself and others, led to the meaningful life and counter violence, materialism, and the hierarchy does not lack.

is the “relationship of jen”? The numerator refers to the acts of kindness, compassion, fear, love, gratitude and embarrassment even. The denominator represents the ‘bad’ action when instead of setting the character of one putting the good of others upon termination, a person is disdainful, critical, condescending and derisive (all the elements that make “bad” relationships). It is well documented that these actions do not lend a hand to anyone in any place.

the researchers now are taking values of couples of “relationship of jen” of individuals, married, Nations, cultures and different age groups. As observations of Keltner, “Prosper the Nations whose citizens take out the good in others for completion” as “trust (a key outcome of”jen”) facilitates the economic exchange with less transaction costs, accusatory settlements, discrimination and economic inequality”.

winners of various Nobel Laureates in economics coincide. Cooperation late cut-throat competition, winner-take-all in a complex social system where confidence ultimately must be a guiding principle. New research from the Center for neuroeconomics more bases the value of confidence for economic performance and welfare benefits.

Scandinavian countries and East Asian fare better in this regard than in South America and Eastern Europe. Even poor countries as the India generated a higher level of trust than richer nations like the United States. “Jen” wins the money!

the “relationship of jen” is a simple measure and another tool for administrators of leader. Acts of “jen” and “not jen” can be counted (see Buddhist “pebbles in a history of the bowl in With some deliberate practice, administrators can generate ratios most high “jen” leads to higher performance all – hard and soft – supported by the growing momentum of the “wheel of progress” through good deeds.


How to Make Bath Bombs?

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Making the basic bath fizzie or bath bomb is rather simple, but if you desire to make something superior there are several things you are able to do. First of all the use of cocoa butter can afford a considerably more difficult bomb and a more luxury bath. Simply replace up to half of your oils with cocoa butter. Let your new mixture awesome before using because hot or warm oil/water mixture will set your bath bomb mixture off substantially quicker than space temperature oil/water.

A more rapid drying bomb is possible with the inclusion of kaolin clay, as opposed to using Epsom salts substitute with kaolin clay at the ration of 1 component salts to .5 part clay.

Bumpy bombs /’growing’ bombs- too much liquid overly, or again high humidity. You might want to buy dehumidifier if you intend on making a lot of bombs if you live in a humid environment. Make sure you seal your bombs in a container that is dry or shrink wrap them when they’re dry in humid climates.

Bombs – you may have better outcomes and cracks in bath bombs outcomes from utilizing too much fluid, scale back the fluid, you can even try adding in several bits of kaolin clay for your next batch to keep those cracks at bay. The bombs continue to be good, simply not pretty.

When packing the bombs also never allowing your molds touch aids. Scoop each of your forms filled with bomb mixture that is united and get them both piling full and press on them gently together, being careful to not twist or set them jointly off center. After you have strongly pressed the forms and they certainly were complete enough not after being packed together to touch, wait a moment and carefully begin to lift one mold off. Once one side is unmolded turn it over in your hand so the unmolded side is in your hand and gently lift off the remaining mold. Place on a soft towel to dry overnight.

More information can be found at:

The History of Chinese Cuisine

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in China, food and its preparation has been developed so highly that it has achieved the status of an art form. Rich and poor, the Chinese believe that delicious and nutritious food is a basic need. An old Chinese proverb there is “food is the first necessity of the people”.

this art has been cultivated and refined for hundreds of years. The legend says that the Chinese cuisine culture originated in the 15TH century during the Shang dynasty and was originally introduced by Yi Yin, his Prime Minister.

the two prevailing philosophies of Chinese culture had extreme influences in the political and economic history of the country, but it is less known that also influenced the development of the culinary arts.

Confucio emphasized artistic and social aspects of cooking and eating. The Chinese do not meet without the participation of food – is considered bad tag to invite friends to your home without adequate food supplies.

Confucio established rules of table and kitchen label, most remain to this day. The most obvious example of this is cutting small pieces of meat and vegetables in the course of preparing food in the kitchen, instead of a knife on the table that is not considered good manners.

Confucio also encouraged the mixture of ingredients and aromas to become a consistent dish, rather than test the individual components. Harmony was its priority. He believed and taught that without harmony of ingredients could be without flavor. He also emphasized the importance of the presentation and the use of color, texture and decoration of a dish. Most importantly, Cook became an art rather than a task to be supported and certainly played a decisive role in the enactment of the philosophy of “live to eat” instead of “eat to live”.

on the other hand, Tao encouraged research in aspects of nutrition food and cuisine. Rather than focus is in the taste and appearance, Taoist were more interested in the properties givers of life of them food.

centuries, the Chinese have discovered the properties of all kinds of roots, herbs, mushrooms and plants healthy. They have taught the world that the nutritional value of vegetables is destroyed by overcooking (particularly of boiling) and have also found that a great-tasting things also have medicinal value.

Chinese food home is extremely healthy, although much of it is fried. This is because the use of polyunsaturated oils (used once and discarded) and the exclusion of products dairy. In addition the inclusion of animal fat is minimal because they are small portions of meat.